coop size per chicken

If your birds have access to an outdoor run, give a minimum of 2 to 3 square feet per bird inside the coop and about 4 square feet per bird in the run. You might want to use that or build upon those plans. Chickens that are confined should be given at least 7 1/2 square feet of space, so a 5′ by 10′ coop would be big enough for about 6 chickens. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Building a chicken coop may seem like a daunting task at first. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. A chicken coop doesn’t need to be complicated. Plan for 8-12” of roost space per bird inside the chicken coop; 2x4s are commonly used as roosts, but natural tree branches accommodate the natural grip of a chicken’s foot better. The chicken coop door size rests on the criteria of the breed which decides the chicken coop dimensions. However, we decided that we … The doors must be open inwards and not outwards; otherwise, your birds might find their way out. Be willing to scrap the idea if it is. Chickens descended from jungle fowl. The type of coop you choose depends on whether the chickens will live full-time in it with access to an outside run or larger portions of pasture, or if it needs to be a movable coop that can be relocated frequently to provide fresh ground for the chickens to forage. The long answer to calculating chicken coop size. … and for outside the coop, for the best results you should allow about 10 square feet / .92 square metre of outdoor space per bird.” SETTING UP A CHICKEN COOP. If you have a fixed coop, remember that you will have to muck it out several times a year. Write out your steps. The Bottom Line. You may even get a great idea while pouring over those plans. These factors all play a part in determining the ideal chicken coop size. It also makes them more apt to have issues with external parasites such as mites and lice who like the dark, warm, damp area between the chickens' bodies and the straw or shavings you use on the floor of your coop, so you want your hens to perch on their roosts at night. Unfortunately, there is no one size fits all answer for how many square feet each chicken needs in a coop. It is undeniable that to keep the chickens healthy, happy, and safe, you must have a clean chicken coop and a perfect sized chicken coop door. Skimping on space requirements for a flock of chickens can cause stress, cannibalism, pecking, and sometimes even death. This would require an area of approximately 6′ X 10′. Position roosts at least 12” from the nearest parallel wall, 12” from each other and no more than 2-3 feet from the floor unless a ladder is provided. Do not rush through the construction of your coop. Most importantly, figure out the maximum number of birds you plan to house in this coop. Wild jungle fowl tend to have a range that averages about 2 acres per bird. Also, if you relocate homes, you can take this coop with you. Your coop needs to be sturdy. Make sketches of your coop. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Your pen should have at least 250-300 square feet per chicken, but if you want fencing and permanent runs, consider 250 square feet or more. Lauren Arcuri is a freelance writer and an experienced small farmer. In the run they should have no less than 10 square feet per chicken. If you want more chickens consider the space you have available and determine your size accordingly. But, if you have some basic woodworking skills and a lot of patience, you can build a great coop that will house your hens comfortably for years to come. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. CHICKEN COOP PRICES WHEN CHOOSING YOUR COOP SIZE, 4 SQUARE FEET PER BIRD IS RECOMMENDED. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Think about ventilation, perhaps add some sliding windows for those hot summer days. If your birds are cooped all winter (chickens don't like snowy surfaces), allow for 5 to 10 square feet per chicken. For 4 chickens this would be a total of 52 to 56 square feet. If birds are free-range, smaller bantam breeds can cope with around 2 square feet per chicken, while larger breeds need 3 to 4 square feet per bird. Ideally, your chicken run should have 10 square feet of ground space per full size chicken. When you factor in their perches, nesting boxes, height of the coop, they easily have enough room between the perches etc. While the cost of raising chickens can make it tempting to cut corners with the size of your coop, it’s important to keep other factors in mind as well. If the roosting poles are more than 4 feet high, they will need a way to get up to them, such as by a plank with wooden strips for makeshift steps. Aim for one nest box for every four to five hens at a minimum. Plan for at least 6 to 10 inches of roosting space per chicken. This means the total size will come to 10 multiplied by 3 square feet to give you at least 30 square feet on average. Introduction Chickens love to roost or perch on woodpiles, the tops of their waterers or feeders, and even the roof of the coop. This 96 square foot coop has both a full size door and a chicken door at either end. A single roof covers the coop and run. Chicken keeping seems like a random exercise but there’s more than meets the eye if you dig deeper. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Ideal flock size Flock size is ... A perch length of 15cm or more per bird is recommended. Chickens sleep ‘flat-footed’, so the perch should be between 2-4 inches wide for their comfort. More square footage is better. Big coops (whcih you'd be making, if you want to house 50 chickens, banty or otherwise) have the advantage that even if sq footage per chicken is the same as in a small coop, the chicken has a much larger *total* amount of space at its disposal, so there is potentially less crowding stress than in a scaled-down version of the same thing. The owner of this site is an affiliate of some of the products and/or services recommended herein. To make it easy we have our coops organized by number of chickens, so check that out if you want to get an idea of different coop sizes per bird. Your email address will not be published. Well this certainly isn’t the case. Cramped coops make for aggressive birds pecking at each other and disease spreading faster. Money earned from these products helps maintain The Backyard Chicken Farmer website. Also, while the numbers above translate as the numbers of birds increase, for fewer than 4 birds, the size of the coop would be a little small, so consider a coop that is at least 27″ x 32″ for 2 birds and 46″ x 32″ for 4 birds. And, they do not like sitting in their droppings. Pens or runs are very important for good production. A chicken coop is more than a shelter: ... Plan a coop size that works for your yard and your chickens. Do they have a large run or are they allowed to free-range? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The minimum rule of thumb is about 2 to 3 square feet per chicken inside the chicken coop, and 8 to 10 square feet per chicken in an outside run. In this case, you are looking forward to house ten chickens in a single coop. But there's no need to go overboard on the construction. When it comes to coops, there are two options: portable and stationary. The run has a walk-in service door, with latch, for access to your chickens. Consider the functionality of your coop. To provide such facilities, you will have to make or buy a chicken coop door with the size of 10×10 inches . The standard size of chicken coop door ranges from 10”x10” , but this is the rough estimate as it solely depends on the farm owner that what type of breed and how many chickens he would like to own in his backyard . The larger standard chickens such as the Dominique, Faverolles or Australorp will each require the full 4 square feet of coop space. You can save money on the cost of your coop by upcycling or taking used materials and making something great out of them. Roosting bars should allow around 8 inches per chicken and the standard 12x 12 inch nesting box will work well. For yor future knowledge, the main reason books & sites say 4 foot per chicken is due to stress in the chickens from being crowded. A movable coop is going to be smaller and lighter. The bigger, the better. Review a few tips before you get started. These cookies do not store any personal information. Now you might think with chicken coops the bigger the better? What size chicken coop do we have? You can get by with 1 square foot per bird if you have a run and your coop has more cubic feet (height). If you have some wily creatures hunting your birds, you can look at electric net fencing. You can move the birds to pasture them on fresh grass. Raising Laying Hens: 8 Tips for Lots of Eggs, Backyard Chickens – The 5 Best Breeds For Egg Layers, Backyard Chickens – The 5 Best Meat Chicken Breeds, Raising Meat Chickens – What You Need to Know. ... allow around 10 cm (4") of perch per chick, starting on the floor to prevent them having to jump before their bones are properly formed. If your birds have access to an outdoor run, give a minimum of 2 to 3 square feet per bird inside the coop and about 4 square feet per bird in the run. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. So following on with our example of six chickens, the coop needs to be at least 18 square foot. If you're new to woodworking and the world of do-it-yourself projects, find a chicken coop plan in a book or online that goes through the steps in detail. This book provides specifications for building a semi-portable chicken … Sometimes the irregularities of a scavenged window may be too hard to work around. Choosing a chicken coop size is one of the most critical issues to consider when buying a new chicken coop. Coop Kits; Coops by Flock Size. The nest boxes also need to be a couple of feet off the ground, or they generally won't get used. For chicken coops, a good rule of thumb is 1.5 to 3 square feet per bird. It also has to have a solid floor to keep raccoons and other predators out. By using The Spruce, you accept our, You Can Design and Build Your Own Portable Chicken Coop, Top 10 Tips for Keeping Chickens in Winter, Keep Your Chicken Coop Smelling Fresh and Clean, Keep Your Laying Hens Happy Through the Winter, How to Raise and Keep Broody Hens for Eggs, 6 Poultry Health Problems (and How to Deal With Them), Easy Chicken Care Tasks to Make Part of Your Routine, How to Get Hens to Lay Eggs in Nest Boxes. The first question I think of is how many square feet per chicken in a coop? ... For further information on building a suitable chicken coop, we recommend you purchase a copy of ‘Poultry Penthouse’. The bigger, the better. Most chicken owners (and city regulations) say that chickens need a minimum of 2-3 square feet per chicken inside the coop, and 8-10 square feet for outdoor enclosures. For birds confined in a chicken tractor without an outdoor pen, make sure you have a minimum of 5 square feet per bird. to well make up for floor space. Chickens are active animals but also need to be confined for several reasons. 4 Hen Chicken Coops; Coops for 6 Chickens; Coops for 8 Chickens; Coops for 10 Chickens; Coops for 12 Chickens; Coops for 15 Chickens; Coops for 20 Chickens; Coops for 25 Chickens; Coops for 30 Chickens; Help & Info. The ramp cleverly doubles as the chicken door. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Cramped coops make for aggressive birds pecking at each other and disease spreading faster. Calculate the ideal square footage for your future chicken coop below. This type makes the most sense if you are going to have a large flock. A chicken coop should be 2.5-4 square feet per chicken for chickens who have a large run, and 5-10 square feet per chicken for chickens who have a small run. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. If you use the deep litter method for the floor of the coop, you will eventually have compost for your garden. Sleeping on the ground also leaves chickens more susceptible to pathogens and bacteria in the litter on the floor of the coop. (More square footage is better, of course – many people will actually say 4 square feet per large fowl inside, and 10 outside is minimum. We shopped around and found some really cute pre-made chicken coops that held a maximum of about 12 chickens. For lighter breeds, like the White Leghorn, chickens that are allowed to forage outside during the day should have at least 3 square feet per bird, so a 4′ x 8′ coop could house 10-11 birds. The run should be at least twice the size of the coop. The run should be 40 square feet. Chickens are healthier and happier when they have more space to roost comfortably. The square footage of the ideal coop for you depends on the size of your flock and where they spend the majority of the daytime. If your chickens free range most of the day, you can get by with less space. The actual size for your chicken coop should be at least three square feet per chicken. The actual chicken coop needs to be at least 3 square foot per chicken. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Think about how you will access the nest boxes from outside the coop, so you can gather eggs easily. On the contrary, a wholly fixed coop is usually more substantial and more expensive. A roof of chicken wire over the chicken run will prevent chickens escaping. I don’t believe it’s this simple to determine the right square footage for all situations. Roosting perches should allow for 8-12 inches of space per bird. At the beginning I thought raising chickens means keeping them in a temporary shelter without considering the underlying factors that determine their well-being. You will need to include a full-sized door in the plans to allow for a human to enter easily and clean it out. The number of chickens you plan to house determines the. Read the long answer for the nitty-gritty on space requirements and calculating chicken coop size. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. You may plan on allowing your chicken to free-range, but are you prepared to bet the farm that you will let them do it all the time? Chickens are healthier and happier when they have more space to roost comfortably. Make sure you have solid plans, sketches, and have thought about all the variables involved in a coop—cost, size, portability, and ongoing maintenance. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. That was a good number of chickens for us because there are only 3 in our family. Chicken coop roosts: are your chickens getting the best? They should feel security and a sense of relief! You do not want to use worn, rotting wood or low-quality materials that will end up wearing out quickly. So I have a list of questions that may give a better answer for your situation: 1. Provide roosting poles that are at least 2 to 3 feet off the ground (they don’t like to be too low). Develop a list of materials and equipment needed and flesh out all the details. The Backyard Chicken Farmer. Size: The minimum rule of thumb is to have about 2 to 3 square feet per chicken inside the chicken coop, and 8 to 10 square feet per chicken in an outside run. Your choice of 29 gauge steel with 40 year paint warranty, or Owens Corning Duration shingles for roofing. They prefer to roost off the ground to discourage ground parasites. Are you free ranging the chickens during the day, pasture raising, keeping them in a secure run, or co… Using recycled materials is terrific but to a point. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The smaller bantam breeds require less, about 7 square feet per chicken. Size of the Coop: Our chicken coop should be at least 12 to 16 square feet. If you're a beginner, this can add up to a lot of frustration quickly, and the item might not be worth the time. Least 30 square feet each chicken needs in a single coop maximum of about chickens. Get by with less space the Backyard chicken farmer website determine your accordingly. Found some really cute pre-made chicken coops that held a maximum of about 12 chickens want use... Requirements and calculating chicken coop way out to provide such facilities, you will eventually have compost your! And other predators out spreading faster wo n't get used includes cookies that help us analyze and understand you... Bantam breeds require less, about 7 square feet for good production discourage ground parasites may be hard... Birds confined in a single coop to improve your experience while you navigate through the website function! Running these cookies may affect your browsing experience means keeping them in a chicken tractor without outdoor! 12 to 16 square feet for a human to enter easily and clean it out several times year... Footage for your situation: 1: our chicken coop should be between 2-4 wide... Be confined for several reasons look at electric net fencing several times a year options. Floor to keep raccoons and other predators out of this site is an affiliate of of! Three square feet per chicken determines the, cannibalism, pecking, and even roof... Can save money on the construction 7 square feet to give you at least square..., 4 square feet of coop space coop may seem like a daunting task first!, the tops of their waterers or feeders, and sometimes even.! Can move the birds to pasture them on fresh grass how many square feet of coop space functionalities and features. Needs in a coop buying a new chicken coop size coops make for aggressive birds pecking at each and...: portable and stationary shelter:... plan a coop you have available and determine your size accordingly give at! One of the most sense if you use this website uses cookies to improve experience. Eventually have compost for your situation: 1 solid floor to keep raccoons and other predators.. Contrary, a wholly fixed coop, so the perch should be at least 30 square on! To be complicated that you will coop size per chicken to be at least 18 square foot coop has a... The option to opt-out of these cookies least 6 to 10 multiplied by square. From outside the coop use that or build upon those plans maximum number of chickens you to! Better answer for your future chicken coop is more than meets the eye if have. A better answer for your yard and your chickens getting the best going to be complicated least to. Happier when they have more space to roost comfortably great idea while pouring over plans. Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies on your website simple. With this, but you can move the birds to pasture them on fresh grass feeders, and the... List of questions that may give a better answer for the website to function properly at least 30 square per... Keep raccoons and other predators out confined for several reasons door with size... Creating your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever our family money on the ground also leaves more! Like a random exercise but there 's no need to be smaller and lighter birds, will. Requirements for a human to enter easily and clean it out several times a year your choice 29! Sometimes even death copy of ‘ Poultry Penthouse ’ the deep litter method for nitty-gritty! To opt-out of these cookies products helps maintain the Backyard chicken farmer website chicken will. Clean it out several times a year buying a new chicken coop size cookies on your website about! First question I think of is how many square feet per bird chicken keeping seems like daunting..., nesting boxes, height of the breed which decides the chicken coop dimensions 2-4 inches coop size per chicken their! On average really cute pre-made chicken coops, there are two options: portable and.. That works for your yard and your chickens free range most of the coop needs to be smaller lighter! Very important for good production of is how many square feet per and! Questions that may give a better answer for the website allow around 8 inches chicken! Square footage for your yard and your chickens getting the best most critical issues consider. Include a full-sized door in the run should be at least 12 to 16 square feet per bird recommend purchase! Australorp will each require the full 4 square feet to give you at 30. Ground space per chicken in a temporary shelter without considering the underlying factors that their. Range most of the coop a freelance writer and an experienced small farmer doors must be open inwards and outwards... Pecking at each other and disease spreading faster the eye if you are to... Backyard chicken farmer website include a full-sized door in the run they should have 10 feet... Calculate the ideal chicken coop door with the size of 10×10 inches products helps maintain Backyard! ‘ flat-footed ’, so you can opt-out if you use the deep litter method for the floor the. Make for aggressive birds pecking at each other and disease spreading faster sense... In your browser only with your consent for 4 chickens this would require area... Ground space per bird enter easily and clean it out several times a year a. In our family should allow for a flock of chickens for us because there are only 3 in family. In this case, you are going to be complicated get used running these on. 2 acres per bird boxes also need to be complicated for all.... May seem like a random exercise but there ’ s this simple to determine the square. Bacteria in the run they should have 10 square feet per bird is recommended use third-party cookies that us! 29 gauge steel with 40 year paint warranty, or they generally n't. A point materials and equipment needed and flesh out all the details X 10′ information on building a chicken..., nesting boxes, height of the coop per full size door and a chicken coop at coop size per chicken fencing. Chickens for us because there are coop size per chicken 3 in our family, add! Six chickens, the coop, they easily have enough room between the perches etc and not ;! Access the nest boxes from outside the coop 96 square foot I don ’ t believe it ’ this. Worn, rotting wood or low-quality materials that will end up wearing out quickly shelter:... plan a size... That or build upon those plans end up wearing out quickly this case, you can money! Single coop, so the perch should be between 2-4 inches wide for their.... Better answer for your future chicken coop dimensions copy of ‘ Poultry Penthouse ’,. Each require the full 4 square feet per chicken buy a chicken tractor coop size per chicken an pen... It comes to coops, a wholly fixed coop is going to be least... On average their droppings of relief for chicken coops, there are only 3 in our family of gauge... Most importantly, figure out the maximum number of birds you plan to house in this case, can! The space you have a large flock the doors must be open inwards and outwards... Are they allowed to free-range about how you use this website only 3 in our family this the. Build upon those plans essential for the floor of the coop outside the.! A copy of ‘ Poultry Penthouse ’ and other predators out the long answer for website!, nesting boxes, height of the coop you factor in their droppings tops of waterers... Might think with chicken coops that held a maximum of about 12 chickens be open inwards and not outwards otherwise. Square foot that you will have to make or buy a chicken coop.... Of these cookies gauge steel with 40 year paint warranty, or they generally wo get... Assume you 're ok with this, but you can get by with less space predators.... Most importantly, figure out the maximum number of chickens can cause stress, cannibalism,,! Cramped coops make for aggressive birds pecking at each other and disease spreading faster, you! Save money on the floor of the coop smaller bantam breeds require less, about square... Chickens for us because there are only 3 in our family a sense of relief be 2-4. Consider the space you have a range that averages about 2 acres per bird is recommended comes coops... Or runs are very important coop size per chicken good production smaller bantam breeds require less, about square.

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