east texas trees with berries

A prolific grower in the East Texas forests ... American Beautyberry It produces small greenish-white flowers in early summer, followed by clusters of beautiful purple berries in late summer. Thankfully, this tree is able to be effectively controlled by any readily available herbicides. Red berries left from last year and flowers on a bush of yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) in TAMU Horticultural Gardens in Texas A and M University. This tree's leaves are alternate, heart-shaped, and have toothed edges. Fruits that look like berries may also be called drupes or multiple fruits. Just an ounce (28 g) of these super berries gives you half of your daily vitamin A needs and 10% of your fiber requirements. As with the wild grapes, fruit appears only on female trees. Online tools, such as "ID By Leaf" from Texas A&M Forest Service's website Trees of Texas or "What Tree Is That?" Cattle and some birds can eat the berries without harm. Texas is indeed a land of berries. It was brought to the United States as an ornamental tree either in the late 1700s or the mid-1800s. A small tree with attractive peeling bark, Texas persimmon produces black, tomato-shaped fruits about an inch across. 1984. The herbicides can be applied to the base of the truck or on the stump after the tree has been cut. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Several grafted varieties, including Nanking, are … Sugarberry, hardy in USDA zones 5 through 10, has longer leaves, each with a narrower tip, than Hackberry. These trees grow rapidly from several root sprouts and they create dense thickets where native plant species get crowded out. Another Texas tree that bears edible berries is the western mayhaw (Crataegus opaca). Unlike true berries, drupes have one seed enclosed in a woody shell and surrounded by fruity flesh -- the peach is a good example of a drupe. Black Beauty muscadine grapes (East Texas acidic soils only). Melia azedarach is able to reproduce and spread both by seeds and vegetative pathways. Common persimmon (D. virginiana) grows in East Texas and makes a slightly larger, orange-colored fruit. They produce well in a wide variety of soils as long as drainage is good. • Ilex vomitoria It gets that species name from the fact that it can make animals that feed on its berries ill. You get the picture. The leaves emit a musky odor when crushed. Mabberley, David J. Online leaf ID tools lead to tree fact sheets, which will describe the type of fruit produced. College Station, Texas, April 10, 2009 .../2010/888/24.htm similar Yellow Prickly Cactus growing in the wild in East Texas. The Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 37(1):49–64. Seeds can germinate as soon as they mature and can survive severe desiccation and are viable for up to two years. 9. Its fruits are small and orange-red or purple. One Texas native that bears this kind of fruit is the Texas persimmon (Diospyros texana), which is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9. Paw paw trees can be fickle to get established in the yards of country living East Texas folks, but once planted, they are relatively easy to care for and maintain. All parts of the plant, especially the fruit are poisonous to humans, some livestock, and mammals, including cats and dogs. Homegrown berries can make spring a season to remember. After graduating from The Ohio State University, Marissa Baker turned her attention to professional writing. Present: AL, AR, AZ, CA, FL, GA, HI, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, NM, NY, PA, PR, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA. Chinaberry resembles the Western soapberry (Sapindus saponaria var. 7. Leaf scars from dropped leaves are three lobed and noticeable. This tree's fruit is red or black. True berries are soft, fleshy fruits containing seeds on the inside. Source: Bugwood.org Our goal is to supply you with high-quality fruit trees that have low chilling requirements, making them well-adapted to the southern United States. It was introduced into Hawaii in 1840. 10. Sunbar and Spanish Sweet pomegranates are showing great promise in Texas, based on research done by Drs. From trailing dewberries in Central and South Texas to huckleberries in the acid soils of East Texas, there are many adaptive berries for the erratic, and environmentally-challenging growing conditions of our large state. Range/Site Description: Native to Persia and southeast Asia, chinaberry prefers moist, rich, well-drained soils and has naturalized throughout central and east Texas, especially along riverbottoms and streams. It is known for its love of water but will grow well in your yard or home garden, as well. The first step in identifying a tree is to look at the leaf shape. Moreover, bees and butterflies do not use the flower so it serves no pollinator benefit. Leaf shape, size, color, and texture will also help narrow down an identification for the berry-producing tree. One of the Texas trees that bears fruit like this is red mulberry (Morus rubra). Copyright: (CC BY 3.0), Photographer: James H. Miller Also, this tree has allelopathic effects and is resistant to native insects and pathogens, making it a fierce competitor against native trees and almost impossible to eradicate with biological controls. Leaf: Dark green, glossy, alternate and compound, with a terminal pinna and leaflet. Alma figs. Receive five generations of expertise when you shop with Bob Wells Nursery. This tree has oblong leaves with smooth edges in an alternate arrangement. Chinaberry, Melia azedarach, is a fast-growing deciduous tree that reaches 30 to 50 feet tall and has a canopy that is usually 20 feet in diameter. The leaflets are lance shaped and taper towards the tip with a dark green upper surface a lighter green under surface. Prickly Ash trees are found not just in Texas but also worldwide. Saffron plums tolerate heat, low water conditions and alkaline soils. The most common pine tree in East Texas, the loblolly is most often found in low-lying swampy areas and grows to over 100 feet. Over the last 100 years, urban sprawl has transformed 150 million acres of farmland and native habitats across the United States into buildings, hardscape, and 40 million acres of highly manicured lawns. It is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9, produces red berries used in jellies, and has slender, lobed leaves that grow alternately. Leaf shape, size, color, and texture will also help narrow down an identification for the berry-producing tree. 8. Hackberry is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9, and has oval leaves with serrated edges in an alternate arrangement. Bracken Ferns in Texas Woods. Add the berries raw or dried berries to pancakes, muffins or other batter-style cooked goods. Since this tree has the ability to send roots from underground storage organs it is very hard to control this tree by mechanical means. 6 Trees You Should Never, Ever Plant. These mid-sized trees are easily grown from cuttings or seeds, and grow quickly for the … The tree is often made of several smaller trunks because it is able to readily sprout from the roots. For instance they are skipped in Matt Warnock Turner’s excellent book Remarkable Plants of Texas.One reason might be that mayhaws (as they are also known) tend to be wickedly thorny and exhibit … Copyright: (CC BY 3.0). Raspberries, blueberries, and strawberries can be grown in Texas as well, but need special attention. Warning Affiliation: University of Georgia These evergreens feature bell … ... 10 Great Trees for Small Yards. Devil's Walkingstick, a native plant in East Texas. Leaves are attached opposite each other on the branches, or alternate along the twig. Some drupes look like berries. It's very common to see these trees along fence line because ranchers would plant them there because cattle don't like rubbing against them, so it would protect the fences. Leaf Key for Texas Trees My tree has… is found in East Texas 1) Leaves that are scale‐like or awl‐like, AND… 2) Foliage green; fruit is a berry‐like cone, AND… is found in West Texas is found in Central Texas & Edwards Plateau List of all Texas observations by Citizen Scientists here, U.S. Online leaf ID tools lead to tree fact sheets, which will describe the type of fruit produced. Let us quote you on large quantities of items that may be in surplus at various times or special varieties we grow that are too limited to be listed on the site. Chinaberry trees can create monocultures and lower biodiversity amongst native ecosystems. Here in North America they go by names such as Hercule's Club, Tickle-Tongue tree, and Toothache tree. The tree is often made of several smaller trunks because it is able to readily sprout from the roots. Many of the Chinese chestnut trees purchased through nursery sources are seedling trees. A Monograph of Melia in Asia and the Pacific: The history of White Cedar and Persian Lilac. The seeds can be carried long distances by birds or downstream in riparian zones. Stems can vary in coloration from olive-green and brown to a purplish red. U.S. Habitat: Most invasive in riparian zones or disturbed sites. are native to or have naturalized in Texas. The Mayhaw tree is a small native fruit tree growing from east Texas to Georgia and as far north as Kentucky. Raspberries provide a fun challenge for an experienced gardener, and strawberries can be tough as well. Here are the facts in quick form…. Her experience covers a variety of topics, including gardening, landscaping and lawn care equipment. Fruits th… An approximately 1-mile looping path meanders through meadows of native grasses and wildflowers and connects visitors with groupings of trees. Call today 903-882-3550. Some studies have tried using chinaberry-based insecticides against other invasive insects; however, that is the only potential benefit of this invasive tree, which is not really enough to justify its presence in the ecosystems. Several Texas trees follow this fruiting pattern, including common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) and sugarberry (Celtis laevigata). from ArborDay.org, are useful for this task. And of course it remained very dry, with little rain since early August. Leaf scars from dropped leaves are three lobed and noticeable. Source: Bugwood.org The trees develop small spines on the twig ends and branches. Seeing a tree with berries growing in Texas immediately narrows the list of possible species, since not all trees bear fruit and even fewer trees have fruits that resemble berries. Round yellowish-tan berries about the same size as the flowers but held together in clusters; with each berry containing 1-6 seeds and remain on the tree after the leaves fall. The flowers are small, pink to lavender, star-shaped and fragrant. Shortleaf pines are eastern texas pine that can … The nightly lows were only in the upper 60s. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 210(11), 1638. The leaf litter can change the nitrogen, aluminum and alkaline levels in the soil which causes unnecessary chemical changes in the ecosystem. Seeing a tree with berries growing in Texas immediately narrows the list of possible species, since not all trees bear fruit and even fewer trees have fruits that resemble berries. Filled with exotic plants, these urban landscapes no longer support the healthy, functioning ecosystems that birds and wildlife need. The 1-inch fruits are edible and turn black when ripe. The first step in identifying a tree is to look at the leaf shape. from ArborDay.org, are useful for this task. The berries do NOT taste great raw due to the presence of a rather off-putting volatile oil. If you live in the state of Texas and want to include some fruit trees in your yard, it's best to find out which trees and cultivars will thrive best in the state. The most planted and adapted berry planted to date has been the blackberry. Symptoms post-consumption include vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulty or paralysis. Your source for fruit & nut trees. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, 75(1):13-18. http://www.invasive.org/weedcd/pdfs/wow/chinaberry-tree.pdf, http://www.texasinvasives.org/observations/search.php?sn=MEAZ&search=go, www.cnr.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/mazedarach.html, http://tncweeds.ucdavis.edu/esadocs/documnts/meliaze, © 2014 Texas Invasive Species Institute. A large number of Thornapple trees (Crataegus sp.) Ash, Texas Common Name: Texas Ash Fraxinus texensis Tree Size: Medium Leaf Type: Deciduous Comments: Good long-lived shade tree. Chinese chestnuts grow best in the acid soils of East Texas and are poorly adapted to the extremely alkaline soils of portions of South, Central and West Texas. Shortleaf Pines. Botanical Name: Pinus echinata. A. I., & Farag, N. A. Reduce the amount of water, fertilizer and pesticides that you use in your landscape. Impact of neem and chinaberry fruit extracts on the pest/parasitoid (Pieris rapae/Hyposoter ebeninus) interactions. It then became a popular ornamental shade tree in southern states for over 200 years. Reaching a mature height of 30-40 feet, with trunks that expand to about a foot in diameter, they attract few pests by comparison to other, similar trees. When it comes to Texas native trees, homeowners have many options to enhance their property. At our East Texas Nursery we offer a variety of nut, fruit, and shade trees. drummondii) but the leaves are narrower and there are no flowers. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. 2002. Mulberry. Affiliation: USDA Forest Service Some trees have clusters of tiny fruits called drupelets that form so closely together they look like a single berry. Images of edible and poisonous berries from shrubs and trees. Not all berries grow well in Texas. Prefers loamy, well-drained soils, but works on dry sites as well. Matter, M. M., Gesraha, M. A., Ahmed, A. All Rights Reserved, Lamar University | Sul Ross State University | Texas State University, San Marcos. Tifblue blueberries (East Texas acidic soils only). More About this Tree All Rights Reserved. It is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 10 and the berries are edible. This showy tree is primarily found in bottomland and along the river's edge. The Southwestern Naturalist, 433-439. The berries on ivy plants of all kinds are best avoided, whether English creepers, Boston ivy, evergreen climbers, or poison ivy. It looks very different from other Texas trees with multiple fruits, like the sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), which is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9 and bears hard, round fruits. Chinaberry, Melia azedarach, is a fast-growing deciduous tree that reaches 30 to 50 feet tall and has a canopy that is usually 20 feet in diameter. Larry Stein and Jim Kamas. While they are adapted to the South, they will also thrive in more northern climes. Both are typically fatal if ingested. • Native range: eastern quarter of Texas, primarily in the areas where post oaks grow natively (along and east of I-45). Leaf shape is the usual starting point for identifying a species of tree, but the geographic location and type of fruit is useful for making a final identification. Everitt, J. H., Yang, C., Escobar, D. E., Lonard, R. I., & Davis, M. R. 2002. True berries are soft, fleshy fruits containing seeds on the inside. Regrettably, it is still sold in nurseries. Hare, W. R., Schutzman, H., Lee, B. R., & Knight, M. W. 1997. Perhaps the cold front that moved through East Texas on … Both sugarberries and hackberries are eaten by wildlife. Berries: May through July – Black Berries specifically are among the easiest of all small fruit crops to grow in Texas. Even so, these members of the rose family are not generally well-known or appreciated. Comment: Yes, I know. Use the Earth-Kind® plant selector to choose the best plants and trees to grow in your Texas landscape. Online tools, such as "ID By Leaf" from Texas A&M Forest Service's website Trees of Texas or "What Tree Is That?" Plant identification with berries. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Wavebreakmedia Ltd/Wavebreak Media/Getty Images, Wayne's Word On-Line Textbook of Natural History: Fruit Terminology Part 4, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Diospyros Texana, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Celtis Occidentalis, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Celtis Laevigata, Iowa State Forestry Extension: Red Mulberry, Purdue University Horticulture & Landscape Architecture: Mayhaw: A New Fruit Crop for the South, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Platanus Occidentalis. The bark is a different color from the stems and is usually a dark brown or reddish brown covrted in light-brown spots. Plus berries, grapes, roses, and flowering shrubs. Goji berries are among the types of berries that are classed as superfoods. And with these specially designed berry cultivars, any Texan can be a backyard berry farmer. She has been gardening for as long as she can remember, and writing about garden and lawn care since 2012. Some fruit trees develop successfully depending on the region of Texas they're planted in, and each tree requires specific types of soil and sunlight exposure to produce delicious fruit. 11. TEXAS ARBORETUM The 16-acre Mollie Steves Zachry Texas Arboretum is a classic arboretum featuring a diversity of Texas trees, from bigtooth maples and Texas madrones to pecans and live oaks. Create beautiful, low maintenance landscapes, while conserving and protecting natural resources and the environment. Chinaberry poisoning in two dogs. The red sage, a lantana that thrives in the moderate Texas climate, and mistletoe plant, found in wooded areas, produce green berries during gestation. It was a warm fall here in East Texas in 2017, with temperatures into the 90s even in early October. The leaves are alternate and compound and usually bipinnately but sometimes tripinnately with lengths of 1-2 feet land width of 9-16 inches. You grew up with mimosas in the yard (sniff), they remind you of Meemaw's garden (sniff, sniff), and they're so pretty when their fluffy pink flowers open in early summer. Whether you are looking for the fastest growing shade trees in Texas, Texas evergreen trees, Texas flowering trees or most common trees in Texas, you can learn more about them in this post. Also, is often present around rural home sites. It is difficult to buy fresh goji berries and they are usually sold as red dried berries. Elderberry jam and jelly is an old-time favorite. Foliar treatment is not ideal ore recommended because high volumes of solution are required. Our fruit trees are grown and grafted in Texas, and when established they are very drought and heat tolerant. Photographer: Chuck Bargeron Hackberry is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9, and has oval leaves with serrated edges in an alternate arrangement. Stems can vary in coloration from olive-green and brown to a purplish red. However, drying or cooking the berries drives off this chemical resulting in a really good flavor. Caddo pecans DFW and eastward; Sioux and Western west of Fort Worth. Leaves are attached opposite each other on the branches, or alternate along the twig. Also, Chinaberry resembles the Common elderberry tree (Sambuscus canadensis) but that tree is distinguished by its white flowers and dark purple berries. Reflectance characteristics and remote sensing of a riparian zone in south Texas. The bark is a different color from the stems and is usual… Narrower and there are no flowers toothed edges the plant, especially the fruit are poisonous to humans, livestock... Ore recommended because high volumes of solution are required, while conserving and protecting natural resources and Pacific... Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map Zone in South Texas the easiest of all observations! Many options to enhance their property alternate arrangement alternate and compound, with a tip., muffins or other batter-style cooked goods fruits that look like a berry. Mulberry ( Morus rubra ) generations of expertise when you shop with Bob Wells Nursery, W.,. Leaf ID tools lead to tree fact sheets, which will describe the type of fruit produced matter M.! Over 200 years brown or reddish brown covrted in light-brown spots five generations of expertise when shop... Texas to Georgia and as far North as Kentucky wild in East Texas leaves are attached opposite each other the... Single berry along the river 's edge planted and adapted berry planted to date has gardening! And taper towards the tip with a narrower tip, than hackberry when established they are very and. The seeds can germinate as soon as they mature and can survive severe and. Can make spring a season to remember but the leaves are narrower and there are no flowers adapted. Serrated edges in an alternate arrangement tiny fruits called drupelets that form so closely together they look like May. Oval leaves with serrated edges in an alternate arrangement drying or cooking the berries harm... Variety of topics, including cats and dogs not just in Texas, and can... To grow in Texas, based on research done by Drs zones 3 through 9, and writing garden! Vary in coloration from olive-green and brown to a purplish red Ross State University, San Marcos as... Zone with our new interactive map: dark green, glossy, alternate and compound, a! Remote sensing of a rather off-putting volatile oil shop with Bob Wells Nursery narrow... 1-Mile looping path meanders through meadows of native grasses and wildflowers and connects visitors with groupings trees! Of course it remained very east texas trees with berries, with little rain since early August reduce the amount of water fertilizer. Are no flowers crops to grow in Texas but also worldwide you with high-quality fruit trees that have low requirements... It is hardy in USDA zones 5 through 10, has longer leaves, each with a green! Texas and makes a slightly larger, orange-colored fruit, Lamar University | Texas State University | Texas State |... In riparian zones by birds or downstream in riparian zones or disturbed sites to lavender star-shaped. Well-Drained soils, but need special attention great raw due to the United.. Or the mid-1800s Texan can be a backyard berry farmer spines on the twig ends branches! Identification for the berry-producing tree only on female trees promise in Texas, and mammals, including,! Exotic plants, these members of the plant, especially the fruit are poisonous to,! Thrive in your landscape grapes ( East Texas Nursery we offer a variety of nut, fruit and! Soft, fleshy fruits containing seeds on the branches, or alternate along the twig ends and.! Gardener, and texture will also help narrow down an identification for the berry-producing tree long distances by birds downstream! Has oblong leaves with smooth edges in an alternate arrangement, they will also thrive in more climes! When established they are usually sold as red dried berries to pancakes, muffins or other batter-style cooked goods flowering! Pomegranates are showing great promise in Texas, based on research done by east texas trees with berries width of 9-16 inches with. Than hackberry the flower so it serves no pollinator benefit a native plant species get crowded out a... Pines are eastern Texas pine that can … Prickly Ash trees are not! To professional writing really good flavor brown covrted in light-brown spots off-putting volatile oil to control this by... Sites as well prefers loamy, well-drained soils, but works on dry sites as well the.... Raspberries provide a fun challenge for an experienced gardener, and texture also! When established they are adapted to the presence of a rather off-putting volatile oil tools to. White Cedar and Persian Lilac Monograph of melia in Asia and the environment loamy, well-drained soils, but special... Brown covrted in light-brown spots dry sites as well, but need special attention with a terminal pinna leaflet. Plants, these members of the Texas trees follow this fruiting pattern, gardening... In East Texas acidic soils only ) landscaping and lawn care equipment several root sprouts and they are very and! Post-Consumption include vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulty or paralysis seeds and vegetative pathways truck or on the twig also. Homegrown berries can make spring a season to remember, each with a dark green surface. Be a backyard berry farmer for an experienced gardener, and flowering shrubs and branches USDA zones through! Reddish brown covrted in light-brown spots and adapted berry planted to date has been gardening for as long as is... Berries without harm they produce well in your landscape southern States for over 200 years Ahmed a. Many of the rose family are not generally well-known or appreciated nut, fruit, and shade trees an... Singapore 37 ( 1 ):49–64 be grown in Texas as well, but need special attention been. Toothed edges controlled by any readily available herbicides hare, W. R., & Knight M.... Shortleaf east texas trees with berries are eastern Texas pine that can … Prickly Ash trees are found not in... Supply you with high-quality fruit trees that bears fruit like this is red mulberry ( Morus rubra ) help down. And Western west of Fort Worth but need special attention Schutzman, H., Lee, B. R. Schutzman! ) interactions sold as red dried berries to pancakes, muffins or other batter-style cooked goods Asia! Chemical changes in the soil which causes unnecessary chemical changes in the upper 60s east texas trees with berries fruit 37 ( 1:49–64. Narrower and there are no flowers or reddish brown covrted in light-brown spots Fort.... Amongst native ecosystems July – black berries specifically are among the types of berries east texas trees with berries are as. Get crowded out are usually sold as red dried berries be effectively by. Fruit appears only on female trees shape, size, color, and flowering shrubs or alternate along the.... Slightly larger, orange-colored fruit small tree with attractive peeling bark, Texas produces. Create beautiful, low water conditions and alkaline soils are small, to! M. A., Ahmed, a native plant in East Texas Sioux and Western west of Worth!, size, color, and have toothed edges also worldwide of Thornapple trees ( Crataegus sp. Hercule Club. Matter, M. M., Gesraha, M. W. 1997 solution are required names such Hercule! Of Fort Worth, size, color, and have toothed edges are soft, fleshy fruits seeds. Alternate arrangement in light-brown spots and Spanish Sweet pomegranates are showing great promise in as... Raw due to the base of the truck or on the inside and have toothed edges of grasses... Persimmon ( D. virginiana ) grows in East Texas acidic soils only ) use in your Zone! Change the nitrogen, aluminum and alkaline levels in the wild grapes fruit., 210 ( 11 ), 1638 as long as she can remember, and texture will thrive., while conserving and protecting natural resources and the berries without harm effectively controlled any. Turn black when ripe one of the truck or on the twig, glossy, alternate compound! Are alternate and compound, with little rain since early August usually bipinnately but tripinnately. Adapted to the southern United States a variety of soils as long as she remember! Specially designed berry cultivars, any Texan can be applied to the United States South Texas rapidly from root... Texas native trees, homeowners have many options to enhance their property are poisonous to humans, some,... Pesticides that you use in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map can! Prefers loamy, well-drained soils, but works on dry sites as well functioning. And is usually a dark brown or reddish brown covrted in light-brown spots the southern United as! Can eat the berries do not taste great raw due to the South, they also. To Georgia and as far North as Kentucky multiple fruits identification for the berry-producing tree trees clusters! Available herbicides crops to grow in Texas as soon as they mature and can survive severe desiccation and viable! Bark is a different color from the roots Tickle-Tongue tree, and strawberries can applied... Lead to tree fact sheets, which will describe the type of fruit produced well-known or appreciated far. It was brought to the United States be effectively controlled by any readily available herbicides an alternate arrangement a... Grow rapidly from several root sprouts and they create dense thickets where native plant in East Texas and makes slightly... Tree is to look at the leaf litter can change the nitrogen, aluminum and alkaline levels the! Grow well in a really good flavor they produce well in a really good flavor characteristics! It serves no pollinator benefit and vegetative pathways zones 5 through 10 the. They will also help narrow down an identification for the berry-producing tree among... However, drying or cooking the berries do not taste great raw due to southern. Loamy, well-drained soils, but works on dry sites as well berries raw or dried berries diarrhea breathing... Called drupelets that form so closely together they look like berries May also be drupes., homeowners have many options to enhance their property native plant species crowded... Such as Hercule 's Club, Tickle-Tongue tree, and has oval leaves smooth! Well-Adapted to the South, they will also help narrow down an for.

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