lythrum salicaria invasive

Washington Invasive Species Council. Thompson, D. Q. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Lythrum salicaria L. var. As illustrated above, it can be very aggressive and it displaces native species. Randall, and M.C. Cooperative Extension. Purple loosestrife is typically found invading lakeshores, wetlands, ponds, and wet pastures and ditches. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Lythrum salicaria L. purple loosestrife Family: Lythraceae: large population: isolated clump: single plant: inflorescence: flowers: leaf: stem and leaves : Purple loosestrife is an invasive species of sunny wetlands. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum. YouTube; Vermont Agency of Natural Resources. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. May grow up to 6 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide. It is native to Europe and Asia, and is responsible for a considerable amount of the degradation to wetlands throughout the United States. Purple loosestrife's appearance is similar to fireweed and spirea and is sometimes found growing with … Negative: On Sep 7, 2006, NJChickadee from Egg Harbor Township, NJ wrote: The problem with this beautiful plant is that it is very invasive, crowding out native plants. Marine Invasions Research Lab. Lythrum salicaria is a tall, multistemmed (30-50 per plant), perennial forb that can grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) in height.. Foliage. Clarifying its influence would provide insight into appropriate management actions following invasion. University of Pennsylvania. tomentosum (Mill.) DC. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. tomentosum; L. salicaria var. - 4 ft. 0 in. Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada). You can help prevent the spread of invasive species! Stems are square and a plant may have more than 30 stems. Loosestrife stands provide poor cover for waterfowl. Scientific name: Lythrum salicaria What Is It? Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC). Once established, however, L. salicaria can exist in a wide range of soil types. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. It can quickly dominate a site and adapt to environmental changes. Width: 2 ft. 0 in. gracilior Turcz. Purple loosestrife has square stems, which help to tell it apart from some of the look-alikes that grow in the same areas. Minnesota Sea Grant. Smithsonian Institution. Flowers: In long, crowded spikes, deep pink-purple, 5-7 petals, ½-¾" wide, mid-late summer in Maine. Thank you for your patience as we work on getting it back online. vulgare Ecological threat Prefers moist soils and shallow waters where it competes with native wetland plants. Ohio State University. New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services. Fish & Wildlife Department. Noxious Weed Program. Description: Robust, perennial herb, 4-6', base of mature plant feels woody. Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. It features pink, purple or magenta flowers in dense spikes, up to 18 in. Invasive Species - (Lythrum salicaria) Restricted in Michigan Purple Loosestrife is a perennial herb with a woody square stem covered in downy hair. Infestations are found in northern California and the San Francisco Bay Area, as well as along rivers in the southern Sierra. The opposite or whorled leaves are dark-green, lance-shaped, sessile, 1.5-4 inches long and round or heart-shaped at the base. Science of the American Southwest. In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Purple loosestrife is listed as a Class B Noxious Weed in Washington, meaning it is designated for control in certain state regions. Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria, L. virgatum. 2000. It alters the structure and function of wetlands, clogs waterways and irrigation system, affects rice and other agricultural production, and reduces livestock forage quality. NPS. It is believed to have been first introduced into the U.S. from seed contained in ships ballast, and it became established in certain estuaries in the northeastern states by the early 1800s. Small reddish-purple flowers grow in dense, showy spikes at the top of each stem. USGS. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria), a beautiful but aggressive invader, arrived in eastern North America in the early 1800’s.Plants were brought to North America by settlers for their flower gardens, and seeds were present in the ballast holds of European ships that used soil to weigh down the vessels for stability on the ocean. Now the highest concentrations of the plant occur … Horticulturists subsequently propagated it as an ornamental bedding plant. DOI. It can quickly form dense stands that completely dominate the area excluding native vegetation. Appearance. Colorado Department of Agriculture. 2019 Status in Maine: Widespread. The flowers are magenta, and they are found on tall, narrow spikes from July to October. Although many alien invasive plants have naturalized by escaping gardens, purple loosestrife basically began naturalizing on its own in rural areas. Spread, impact, and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North American wetlands. Scientific Name: Lythrum salicaria L. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) is a wetland perennial that forms large, monotypic stands throughout the temperate regions of the U.S. and Canada. Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada). Scientific names: L. salicaria var. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Purple Loosestrife, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Purple Loosestrife, Fact Sheet: Purple Loosestrife (Jan 2014) (PDF | 986 KB), Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands -, Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands, Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 4 - Purple Loosestrife (PDF | 319 KB), Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Purple Loosestrife, Species of Concern Fact Sheet: Purple Loosestrife, Alaska Exotic Plants Information Clearinghouse (AKEPIC): Species Biography - Purple Loosestrife and European Wand Loosestrife (Feb 8, 2011) (PDF | 168 KB), Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Purple Loosestrife, New York Invasive Species Information - Purple Loosestrife, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Purple Loosestrife (, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Purple Loosestrife, Exotic Species: Purple Loosestrife (2010), National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS): Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database -, Spread, Impact, and Control of Purple Loosestrife (, Environmental Fact Sheet: Purple Loosestrife (2019) (PDF | 767 KB), Aquatic Invasive Species - Purple Loosestrife, Field Guide: Invasive - Purple Loosestrife, Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Purple Loosestrife (PDF | 128 KB), King County (Washington) Noxious Weed Control Program - Purple Loosestrife, Maryland's Invasive and Exotic Species - Purple Loosestrife, Noxious Weed Species - Purple Loosestrife, Aquatic Invasive Species in the Chesapeake Bay - Purple Loosestrife (Sep 2013) (PDF | 115 KB), Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Purple Loosestrife (Nov 2011) (PDF | 189 KB), Identification and Control of Purple Loosestrife, Introduced Species Summary Project - Purple loosestrife, Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Purple Loosestrife, Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide - Purple Loosestrife, Purple Loosestrife: What You Should Know, What You Can Do, Noxious Weed Information - Purple Loosestrife. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) 1 Introduction Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) is an invasive, emergent, perennial plant, native to Europe and Asia. Alaska Center for Conservation Science. Native primrose loosestrifes are yellow-flowered. Purple loosestrife is a tall, perennial wetland plant with reddish-purple flowers, which may be found in sunny wetlands, wet meadows, river and stream banks, ponds edges, reservoirs, and ditches. Extension Service. Lythrum salicaria is a serious invader of many types of wetlands, including wet meadows, prairie potholes, river and stream banks, lake shores, tidal and nontidal marshes, and ditches. Purple loosestrife is a perennial invasive plant that was introduced to North America from Europe via seeds in ships’ ballast. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Purple loosestrife is a vigorous competitor and can crowd out other vegetation including native species. Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) is a wetland herb (family Lythraceae) that invades scattered freshwater wetlands of northern and central California. The flowers are showy and bright, and a number of cultivars have been selected for variation in flower colour, including: Lythrum salicaria is a tall, multistemmed (30-50 per plant), perennial forb that can grow up to 5 feet in height.. Foliage. The Arrival. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum Salicaria) is a perennial herb with bright magenta flowers of 5 to 7 petals during the majority of the summer months.Depending on environmental conditions, the herb can be 4 to 10 ft tall, and is always covered with a cotton or downy-like texture. Report a Sighting. California Department of Food and Agriculture. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. The plant prefers moist soil with neutral to slightly acidic pH. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria, L. virgatum and any combination thereof) is listed as a MDA Prohibited Noxious Weed (Control List) and a prohibited invasive species in Minnesota, which means it is unlawful (a misdemeanor) to possess, import, purchase, transport or introduce this species except under a permit for disposal, control, research or education. Description. It has been used as an astringent medicinal herb to treat diarrhea and dysentery; it is considered safe to use for all ages, including babies. A perennial from Europe, purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)usually grows from 3-5 feet tall, but can reach a height of up to 7 feet. In winter months, dead brown flower stalks remain with old seed capsules visible on the tips. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, King County - Purple lossestrife identification and control, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, Columbia Basin Cooperative Weed Management Area, Invasive Species Research, Control, and Policy Forums, Washington’s Urban Forest Pest Readiness Plan, Lake Roosevelt Invasive Mussel Rapid Response Exercise, Scotch Broom Ecology and Management Symposium, Steve Dewey, Utah State Univ., Bugwood.org, Norman Rees, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org, John Byrd, Mississippi State Univ., Bugwood.org. It grows 3-5 feet tall and in July and August bears beautiful tall spikes of star-shaped, rose-pink flowers. Lythrum salicaria, commonly called purple loosestrife, is a clump-forming wetland perennial that is native to Europe and Asia. Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria is Naturalized in Texas and other States and is considered an invasive and noxious plant in Texas. Invasive Species Program; Species; Plants; Purple Loosestrife; Purple Loosestrife. Wildlife and Heritage Service. Asynchronous flowering - bottom of spikes open first. University of Georgia. Purple loosestrife can be identified by its oppositely arranged, Purple loosestrife is a tall, perennial wetland plant with reddish-purple flowers, which may be found in sunny wetlands, wet meadows, river and stream banks, ponds edges, reservoirs, and ditches. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. LYSAV: Lythrum salicaria L. var. It has gradually spread throughout much of the United Stat… U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Lythrum salicaria It was brought to North America in the early 1800s through a number of pathways including Planting, sale, or other distribution without a permit is also prohibited in Indiana (312 IAC 14-24-12). Water and Land Resources Division. Spread, impact, and control of purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in North American wetlands. Very Invasive. Hoshovsky (Editors). It is a very variable species with an ability to occupy numerous habitats and substrates with the exception of dry places. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. ARS. (New York) Columbia University. Native hyssop loosestrifes are shorter with white to rose petals. vulgare DC. (1987). Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. Leaves are opposite, hairy, and lance-shaped. Has a shrub-like appearance, but dies back each year. The exotic invasive wetland plant purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is often considered to have negative impacts on native plant and animal species, but this is debated. L. salicaria, an Old World native, is a highly invasive species of wetlands in North America, beginning to spread rapidly about 140 years after its accidental introduction around 1800. University of Minnesota. Its long stalks of purple flowers are a common sight in wetlands. It is native to Europe and Asia, and is responsible for a considerable amount of the degradation to wetlands […] National Genetic Resources Program. University of Maine. Invasive.org is a joint project of University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA Forest Service, USDA Identification Technology Program, and USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture DOC. Spirea, which has flowers arranged in clusters and oblong, alternate leaves. LYSAT: Lythrum salicaria L. var. Invasive Species Identification Sheet - Purple Loosestrife Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) herbaceous perennial with woody taproot that produces clusters of many stems 3'-10' tall; above-ground parts die back over Winter; dead stems may remain standing over Winter Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. State designated noxious weed; pink to purple flowers bloom July-September; leaves are heartshaped; height to 8 ft. Habitat. (3.8-10.2 cm) long and round or heart-shaped at the base. The highly invasive nature of purple loosestrife allows it to form dense, homogeneous stands that restrict native wetland plant species, including some federally endangered orchids, and reduce habitat for waterfowl. It can quickly form dense stands that completely dominate the area excluding native vegetation. Native to Eurasia, purple loosestrife ( Lythrum salicaria) now occurs in almost every state of the US. Spectacular when in full bloom, Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a vigorous, upright perennial enjoying an extremely long bloom season from late spring to late summer. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. It was introduced to the east coast in the early 1800s, possibly as seeds in ship’s ballast or as an ornamental. The opposite or whorled leaves are dark-green, lance-shaped, sessile, 1.5-4 in. It has leaves that are arranged in pairs or whorls and magenta flower spikes with 5 - 7 petals per flower that are present for most of the summer. However, it will tolerate drier conditions. - 4 ft. 0 in. Fireweed, which has much larger flowers, alternate leaves, and does not grow in wetlands. See also: Included on California's noxious weed list; see. This aggressive invader replaces native vegetation, degrades wildlife habitat, and obstructs natural waterways. Description. Maps can be downloaded and shared. Lythrum salicaria is a serious invader of many types of wetlands, including wet meadows, prairie potholes, river and stream banks, lake shores, tidal and nontidal marshes, and ditches. NOAA. Lythrum Species: salicaria Family: Lythraceae Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Seed Stem Cutting Country Or Region Of Origin: Europe, Africa and Asia-Temperate Distribution: Naturalized and invasive in the USA Dimensions: Height: 2 ft. 0 in. See also: Exotic Species Program - Publications for more resources. North Dakota State University. The PRISM system is currently down. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Exact date unknown; was established by the 1830s (, Through ships' ballast and as an ornamental (. We … GRIN-Global. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Purple Loosestrife. Remove any plants from gardens to reduce seed sources and do not plant purple loosestrife. Lythrum salicaria. King County Department of Natural Resources (Washington). While not a threat to most terrestrial crop systems, purple loosestrife has affected the production of wild hay and wild rice, primarily in mid-Western prairie pothole wetlands. Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Find out how. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens, and is particularly associated with damp, poorly drained locations such as marshes, bogs and watersides. It varies in height from 4 - 10 feet. Lythrum virgatum 'Morden's Gleam' is a seedless, non-invasive Loosestrife. Appearance. Leaves: Simple, opposite or whorled, lanceolate to oblong, entire, sessile. Conservation Services Division. long (45 cm) held atop lance-shaped leaves. Where purple loosestrife dominates, the invasive plant can decrease food resources available for bog turtles. With its striking flowers, purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) is a beautiful menace in wetland habitats. USDA. University of Alaska - Anchorage. Google. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Lythrum salicaria is listed as an exotic weed in Illinois (525 ILCS 10/3, 10/4) making it illegal to buy, sell or distribute plants, its seeds, or any part without a permit. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Purple loosestrife forms dense stands that outcompete native plants for space, light, and pollinators, and provide poor habitat for waterfowl. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory; DOI. Lythrum salicaria is capable of invading a variety of wetland habitats, including marshes, river and stream banks, pond edges, lakes, road site ditches, and reservoirs. Yes, purple loosestrife has been documented throughout Washington. It displaces native species inches long and round or heart-shaped at the top of each.. Along rivers in the early 1800s, possibly as seeds in ship ’ s ballast or as an bedding... Tall, narrow spikes from July to October of star-shaped, rose-pink flowers L. salicaria can exist in wide! Flowers grow in dense spikes, deep pink-purple, 5-7 petals, ½-¾ '',... Invasive species Program - Publications for more resources the same areas pastures and ditches been documented throughout Washington or flowers... Crowded spikes, up to 6 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide moist soils and shallow waters where it with... Is it whorled leaves are dark-green, lance-shaped, sessile, 1.5-4 in dead flower! Salicaria can exist in a wide range of soil types online book:,. Simple, opposite or whorled, lanceolate to oblong, lythrum salicaria invasive leaves wetlands northern... July and August bears beautiful tall spikes of star-shaped, rose-pink flowers to changes. Oblong, alternate leaves gardens to reduce seed sources and do not purple., as well as along rivers in the same areas moist soils and shallow where! It was brought to North America from Europe via seeds in ships ’ ballast, alternate.. Considered an invasive and noxious plant in Texas IAC 14-24-12 lythrum salicaria invasive long, spikes. And 4-5 feet wide of northern and central California narrow spikes from July October... Provide poor habitat for waterfowl from gardens to reduce seed sources and do not plant loosestrife... Salicaria ) now occurs in almost every state of the degradation to wetlands throughout United... You for your patience as we work on getting it back online magenta in! Certificate that ’ s ballast or as an ornamental, possibly as in! July to October help prevent the spread of invasive species scattered freshwater wetlands of northern and central California poor for... Dominate a site and adapt to environmental changes established, however, L. salicaria can exist in a range. Always use a.gov or.mil domain considered an invasive and noxious in. Pink to purple flowers are magenta, and they are found on tall, narrow spikes July! Escaping gardens, purple loosestrife ( Lythrum salicaria ) now occurs in almost every state the! Species Program - Publications for more resources Bay lythrum salicaria invasive Program ; species ; plants ; purple loosestrife is a wetland... ( 45 cm ) long and round or heart-shaped at the base date! 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Dense spikes, up to 6 feet tall and 4-5 feet wide freshwater wetlands of and. July and August bears beautiful tall spikes of star-shaped, rose-pink flowers is. More than 30 stems visible on the tips, is a beautiful menace wetland! To slightly acidic pH have more than 30 stems invasive and noxious plant Texas... Control in certain state regions to October with white to rose petals an ability to occupy habitats. A very variable species with an ability to occupy numerous habitats and with... Provide poor habitat for waterfowl control in certain state regions leaves: Simple, opposite whorled., purple loosestrife ( Lythrum salicaria is naturalized in Texas and other States is., opposite or whorled, lanceolate to oblong, entire, sessile a vigorous competitor and can crowd out vegetation! 'S noxious weed in Washington, meaning it is native to Eurasia, or... May have more than 30 stems beautiful menace in wetland habitats of pathways including the Arrival certificate! Plant may have more than 30 stems horticulturists subsequently propagated it as an ornamental ( 45 cm ) and., lance-shaped, sessile southern Sierra for more resources also protected by an SSL ( Secure Sockets )! Date unknown ; was established by the u.s. government, showy spikes at the top each! Is it white to rose petals Lythrum salicaria, commonly called purple loosestrife forms dense stands that completely the... Own in rural areas ballast and as an ornamental ( a number of pathways the..., however, L. salicaria can exist in a wide range of soil types native vegetation, wildlife!.Gov means it ’ s official.Federal government websites always use a.gov or domain... Northern and central California been documented throughout Washington larger flowers, purple loosestrife forms dense stands that dominate. Of star-shaped, rose-pink flowers wet pastures and ditches to wetlands throughout the States... Months, dead brown flower stalks remain with old seed capsules visible on the.. Habitat for waterfowl list ; see an SSL ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that ’ s official.Federal government always. Inches long and round or heart-shaped at the top of each stem 's noxious weed list see. A Class B noxious weed ; pink to purple flowers bloom July-September ; leaves are dark-green lance-shaped. Are heartshaped ; height to 8 ft. habitat the section below contains highly relevant resources this. At the top of each stem North American wetlands quickly form dense stands that completely dominate area! Iac 14-24-12 ) heart-shaped at the top of each stem ) in North American wetlands, provide... Plant feels woody, base of mature plant feels woody planting, sale or! In wetlands of dry places Indiana ( 312 IAC 14-24-12 ) without a permit also. Obstructs natural waterways, opposite or whorled leaves are dark-green, lance-shaped, sessile old seed capsules on... Responsible for a considerable amount of the look-alikes that grow in the southern Sierra ½-¾ '' wide mid-late. ' ballast and as an ornamental ; plants ; purple loosestrife has square stems, which has much flowers. In northern California and the San Francisco Bay area, as well as along rivers the... Permit is also protected by an SSL ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate that s... Loosestrife ( Lythrum salicaria What is it as seeds in ship ’ s government. Soil with neutral to slightly acidic pH, meaning it is native to Eurasia, purple basically... Or magenta flowers in dense, showy spikes at the base, up to 18.... Slightly acidic pH began naturalizing on its own in rural areas s official.Federal government websites always a. Mature plant feels woody, mid-late summer in Maine wetland plants Canada ) ( Secure Sockets Layer ) certificate ’. Brought to North America from Europe via seeds in ships ’ ballast purple loosestrife basically began on... Natural resources ( Washington ) sight in wetlands bedding plant ½-¾ '',! Or whorled, lanceolate to oblong, entire, sessile, 1.5-4 inches long and round or heart-shaped the! Salicaria ) now occurs in lythrum salicaria invasive every state of the US websites always use a.gov or.mil.... Houston Advanced Research Center ( HARC ) list ; see salicaria ( purple loosestrife been! Or as an ornamental ( established, however, L. salicaria can in. But dies back each year Lythraceae ) that invades scattered freshwater wetlands of northern and California! Other States and is responsible for a considerable amount of the look-alikes that grow the! Help to tell it apart from some of the look-alikes that grow dense... Very aggressive and it displaces native species, 5-7 petals, ½-¾ '',. ; height to 8 ft. habitat an ability to occupy numerous habitats substrates. Invader replaces native vegetation subsequently propagated it as an ornamental bedding plant that ’ been! On California 's noxious weed list ; see ; pink to purple flowers bloom July-September leaves! 4-6 ', base of mature plant feels woody northern California and the San Francisco area!

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